Endangered Species

Matiss R.

Grade 7

 

 

 

 

Research Paper

 

Endangered Species

††† More than 1,000 endangered animal species worldwide are facing extinction. Earthís endangered species are disappearing every day. Humans are one of the top contributors to endangering species as well as saving them. We know that if species become extinct, food chains and some ecosystems will be seriously affected or lost forever. Although animals and the environment are endangered by the acts of humans, through the pollution and destruction of habitats and ecosystems, humans do try to protect these endangered species with laws and regulations.

††† An endangered species is any plant or animal that faces extinction by being unable to survive (Endangered). Humans are at the root of most causes for endangerment. Saving an endangered species involves protecting it and the habitat where it lives (Kurpis). A threatened species is a species that is in danger of becoming endangered in the near future. An endangered species is a species that is in danger of becoming extinct in the near future. A species is extinct when it disappears from Earth completely (Mackay).

††† A species can adapt to natural changes that occur slowly, but they cannot adapt to manmade changes that occur very quickly. The primary reason for the endangerment of a species is loss of natural habitat (Kurpis), which is caused by deforestation, logging, mining, habitat fragmentation, or natural disasters. Other causes for endangerment are hunting, trapping, poisoning, overharvesting, poaching, introducing exotic species, overexploitation, and disease (Endangered). Overexploitation is when too much of something is used. Poaching, a form of overexploitation, is the illegal killing and trading of animals and their parts, such as horns, skin, and bones. To introduce an exotic species is to release a non-native species into an ecosystem where it does not belong. The introduced species will prey on the native species and disrupt the ecosystemís food webs. It will also increase the competition for food. Polluted habitats affect the animals that live in them. For example, a fish that lives in polluted water will suffer from disease (Kurpis). One type of pollution that threatens to destroy habitats is chemical pollution, and examples of chemical pollution involve use of insecticides and the release of CFCís. Harmful gases that are released into the air pollute the air that all living things need to breathe in order to survive. This can cause the spread of disease (Endangered).

When a species in an ecosystem becomes endangered, it means that the ecosystem is unhealthy. Endangered species of plants and animals are becoming extinct every day. Some of these species are not even known to mankind. Humans rely on the plants and animals in certain ecosystems to survive. If one species becomes extinct, many more could become extinct because food webs will be unbalanced. People need to save endangered species because they provide us with medical, agricultural, ecological, aesthetical, and recreational value. Humans rely on plants such as wheat, grains, and corn for food. Also, many plants provide much needed cures for diseases. Every year tourists go to zoos and go on safaris to see animals, and if they become extinct, people will not be able to do these things anymore (Kurpis). If people continue to do things that harm endangered species, they will become extinct (Endangered). When they become extinct, it will disrupt their entire ecosystem. When this happens, more species will become extinct. As the number of extinct species increases, humans will be affected in a greater way. If people do not help save endangered species, we could be seriously affected in the future (Kurpis).

††† Polar bears are one of the many endangered species on Earth. There are only about 20,000 left in the world today and that number is dropping (Defenders). Polar bears have adapted to their arctic environment so well that they cannot survive anywhere else (Corwin). They entirely rely on sea ice for survival, food, and dens. They spend most of their time far away from land on ice that is constantly melting and refreezing. They stay on the edge of the ice because that is where it is easiest to hunt for fish and seals. Polar bears swim and travel thousands of miles each year following the seasonal advance and retreat of the sea ice (Defenders). The ice that the polar bears live on is melting rapidly because of global warming and climate change (Corwin). Loss of sea ice is also affecting polar bear cubs, and less are surviving. More are drowning now because, instead of floating on ice chunks that are melting, they have to swim to cross the water (Tangley). During the summer, the fields of floating ice melt, and polar bears go back to the arctic where they live off of their body fat. Because summers in the arctic are getting longer, more polar bears are dying from starvation. Each year the arctic ice recedes by about 3% due to global warming (Sheehan). If their ice continues to melt, it is predicted that polar bears could be extinct by 2050. Polar bears were one of the first species affected by global warming.

Countries that have arctic habitats should help stop global warming (Defenders). The main cause for global warming is using too much greenhouse gases. These are gases that trap heat in the Earthís atmosphere (Corwin). To stop the arctic ice from melting, the use of greenhouse gases must come to a halt (Defenders). Once industries stop using greenhouse gases, the effects will still last for decades. If industries continue using greenhouse gases, polar bears and the arctic will be lost (Tangley). Polar bears are also a victim of poaching for their fur. Many organizations are trying to protect them and their habitat. Polar bears are now under the endangered species act which protects them, their habitat, and food sources (Defenders). Countries such as Canada, Denmark, Greenland, Norway, Russia, and the United States have signed the International Agreement on Conservation of Polar Bears and their habitat (Mackay).

††† Another animal that is one of the worlds most endangered is the giant panda. There are only around 1,600 giant pandas left in the world (Klenzendorf). Deforestation and poaching are dramatically affecting their population (Mackay). Roads and railroads divide their habitat into many smaller sections which makes it difficult for them to move around in their habitat. This is known as habitat fragmentation (Klenzendorf). Deforestation is taking away the giant pandasí food source, which is bamboo. The bamboo that remains is quickly running out because pandas need to eat about eighty pounds of it each day since it is low in nutrients. Giant pandas also reproduce slowly, so it is difficult for them to raise their numbers. The Chinese government has established over fifty reserves for the pandas (Sheehan). These reserves cover more that 2.5 million acres and protect more than 60% of the population (Klenzendorf). The trade of pandas has been banned because they are protected by CITES, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. CITES stops endangered species from being traded (Sheehan). The WWF, World Wildlife Fund, has been working to help giant pandas for nearly three decades. The WWF patrols against poaching and logging, builds nature reserves, and helps increase the amount of the giant pandaís habitat under legal protection (Klenzendorf). Due to strong efforts, both the wild and captive giant panda populations are slowly starting to increase (Sheehan).

††† Saving an endangered species involves protecting it and the ecosystem where it lives (Kurpis). The United States and many other countries have created laws that protect hundreds of endangered plants and animals. These laws help prevent logging, mining, polluting, and destroying the habitats of endangered plants and animals (Endangered). Other laws help protect them from poaching (Tangley). Most of the time these laws are the only thing that conservation organizations have to save endangered species (Endangered). In order for a species to survive, its natural habitat must be conserved (Tangley). That is what many organizations are trying to do. Some wildlife conservation organizations breed animals and release them into their natural habitat (Endangered). The WWF works with industries to reduce greenhouse gases and stop events that harm endangered species, such as logging (Klenzendorf). International efforts have been made to stop whaling, overfishing, and the trade of spotted cats and crocodiles. Efforts have also been made to stop the poaching of animals, furs, and parts of animals such as horns, tusks, and bones (Endangered). Protecting species has slowed some industries in the United States, such as logging and fishing industries. They are being slowed down because they are limited to how many trees they can cut down in certain areas, and how many fish they can catch in certain areas (Endangered). Awareness must be raised about endangered species in order to save them (Tangley).†† ††

In conclusion, there are many causes for the endangerment of species, and humans are the leading contributors. Humans are also the leading contributors to saving endangered species. If people do not start doing more to help save endangered species, many more will become extinct. This will disrupt food chains, change our lives, and could ultimately lead to our own extinction.

 

Research
Paper

Fine Art

Connection

Poetry

Connection

Music

Connection

Photography

Connection

Bibliography

 

 

Fine Art Connection

 

Description: Description: Description: Description: Fine art pic

 

 

I made a connection to this picture because the wolves are blurry and unclear just like the future of many endangered species. The future of many endangered species is in doubt, because we donít know if we will be able to save them in time, or if they will become extinct. If everyone works together to save endangered species that have unclear futures, we will be helping the world in many ways by saving its species.

 

 

 

Poetry Connection

When Will We End the Madness?

By John Calhoon

Dedicated to all the animals already gone

With ozone holes and temperatures rising,
Habitat destruction and overexploitation,
The animals are dying.

Should we just stand by, while acid rains from the sky.
Should we look away, when the sea creature's decay
The whole world suffers with each loss.

What kind of world will our children see?
Perhaps they will even be casualties of our selfishness.
When will we end the madness?

It's not yet too late.
Even small sacrifices can create,
When added together, incredible savings in total.
Won't you please help, even if just a little?

 

††††††††† This poem by John Calhoon expresses his feelings about endangered species. I can make a connection to this poem because it talks about what is happening to the environment. It talks about how people are treating the environment and what will happen if humans do not try to save it. His point of view is asking you: What will you do? The author is also telling us that if everyone helps a little bit it will make a big difference when all of our individual efforts are combined into one large effort. He is saying that even though we have caused many animals to become extinct, we can still save many more from extinction if we work together.

 

 

 

 

Music Connection

A New Tomorrow

 

By: A Friend in London

Come on boys come on girls
In this crazy, crazy world
You're the diamonds, you're the pearls
Let's make a new tomorrow, today

Wake up, slow down do nothing right now
Breathe in, breathe out did we forget how
To live, to dream and what it all means
It's like we don't care

Who's hot, who's not who's got the right upside down
Tonight, tomorrow you're out of time
Upstyle, you are back in the line
A race to nowhere

Come on boys, come on girls
In this crazy, crazy world
You're the diamonds, you're the pearls
Let's make a new tomorrow


Come on girls, come on boys
It's your future, it's your choice
And your weapon is your voice
Let's make a new tomorrow
Today

Turn left, turn right don't make up your mind
Your way to fame is all in vain
You get in the spot then you run out of luck
You're going nowhere

We can change it all today!

Come on boys, come on girls
In this crazy, crazy world
You're the diamonds, you're the pearls
Let's make a new tomorrow

Come on girls, come on boys
It's your future, it's your choice
And your weapon is your voice
Let's make a new tomorrow
Today

(Oooohh o-oh ooooh)
Come on boys
Let's make a new tomorrow

Come on boys, come on girls
In this crazy, crazy world
You're the diamonds, you're the pearls
Let's make a new tomorrow

Come on boys, come on girls
It's your future, it's your choice
And your weapon is your voice
Let's make a new tomorrow
Today!

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r_3Ma2URVzg

 

I made my connection to the song A New Tomorrow by A Friend in London because it is talking about how anyone can make a difference if they speak out and take action for what they believe is right. For endangered species, it would be speaking out on how people can help save endangered species and help save the environment. The tomorrow in this song would be the future where depending on what we do now to save endangered species determines which animals are extinct, and which animals were saved.

 

 

Photography Connection

 

Description: Description: Description: Description: Polar Bear pic

 

†††

 

 

I made my connection to this picture because it is a photograph that shows the world what is happening to polar bears. This photograph backs up my research that polar bears live on the arctic ice. The arctic ice is melting and the polar bears need it to survive. If global warming does not stop, this kind of floating arctic ice will melt, and there will not be much of it left for polar bears to live on in the future. This could severely affect the polar bear population and will change the way they will need to live in order to survive.

 

 

 

Bibliography

Works Cited

Corwin, Jeff. 100 Heartbeats: The Race to save Earth's Most†††††††††††††††††††††††††† Endangered Species. New York, NY: Rodale, 2009. Print.

Defenders of Wildlife. "Endangered Species: Wildlife and Habitat Conservation." Defenders of Wildlife - Protection of Endangered Species, Imperiled Species, Habitats. Defenders of Wildlife, 2012. Web. 04 Feb. 2012.

"Endangered Species" The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. 2008. Encyclopedia.com. Web. 4 Feb. 2012.

Klenzendorf, Sybille. Wildlife Conservation, Endangered Species Conservation. World Wildlife Fund, 2012. Web. 02 Feb. 2012.

Kurpis, Lauren. "Causes for Endangerment." Endangered Species - EndangeredSpecie.com. 2002. Web. 03 Feb. 2012.

Mackay, Richard. The Atlas of Endangered Species. Berkeley: University of California, 2009. Print.

Sheehan, Sean. Endangered Species. Pleasantville, NY: Gareth Stevens Pub., 2009. Print.

Tangley, Laura. "Focusing in on Conversion." National Wildlife June-July 2011. Print,

http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=endangered+species+fine+art&view=detail&id=926E757F1F47EDD6D025DB6611353B891796971E&first=0&FORM=IDFRIR

http://www.helium.com/items/635248-poetry-endangered-species

http://www.lyrics-celebrities.anekatips.com/new-tomorrow-lyrics-a-friend-in-london

http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=endangered+species+pictures&view=detail&id=8E70D516680766FC87FCAF6A71177902367B2387&first=241&FORM=IDFRIR